The seahorse is one of the rare species where the male gives birth.
Seahorses are monogamous and mate for life. The female comes into the male’s territory and they begin an elaborate dance. They swim together and intertwine their tails with a dance that can last up to 8 hours, ending with the female putting her eggs into the male’s pouch.
The eggs are then fertilized by the father and hatch in his pouch. The father cares for the young, known as fry, for several weeks until they emerge ready to fend for themselves. The fry float of into the sea where only 5 in 1000 survive to adulthood.
Seahorses are masters of camouflage, with some blending right into their surroundings and others able to change color rapidly.
They also have the ability to look forward and backward at the same time as each eye is independent of the other.
Seahorses use their long tube snout to suck up tiny crustaceans. They have no stomach and food passes through their body rapidly, requiring them to eat constantly.
These incredible creatures are under threat because of excessive harvesting, habitat destruction, and pollution.